Hamilton DOL: ‘Cabinet Battle 1’

Character Development: 
‘The Cabinet Battle 1’ is where the heated debate between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton took place during their Cabinet Meeting.  
“A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch.”

In summary, Hamilton’s “plan [was to] to assume state debt and establish a national bank.” He believed that the 54-million-dollar debt America was under should all be paid by the states by taxes. Hamilton believed a national bank was necessary in order to “to stabilize and improve the nation’s credit.” Also, having the bank would improve the start-up of, and handling of financial businesses. Hamilton also believed establishing a bank would help the 13 colonies get out of debt and create a standard form of currency used throughout America. 

In this song, Thomas Jefferson had just got back from his multiple year long stay in France, when Madison explains the situation to Jefferson, and how Hamilton wants to assume state debt and establish national bank. Jefferson heads to NY to attend the first official Cabinet meeting and urge the President, George Washington, to not sign off to Hamilton’s plans. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison persuasively argued that establishing a national bank was unconstitutional since the Constitution did not specifically give Congress the power to create the national bank. Jefferson also argued that it would deprive the common person from having their voice heard in legislation. Thomas Jefferson didn’t think it to be fair that states such as his own, Virginia, had already paid off their debt but now Virginia would have to keep paying taxes in order to remove the debt placed on all of America.


Alexander Hamilton: 

In Summary, Hamilton is an orphan born with little to no power, but his writing skills help him achieve greatness. At the time of the Cabinet Battle 1, Hamilton was the Treasury Secretary, and also pronounced one of the five founding fathers.  

  • Hamilton Wants: 
  • To assume national state debt 
  • To create a national bank 
  • For Jefferson to be open-minded, to compromise more 
  • Hamilton Fears: 
  • People will side with Jefferson
  • That he will lose his job if he doesn’t get congressional approval 

Thomas Jefferson:

Jefferson was one of the five founding fathers and was Washington’s Secretary of state during this Cabinet meeting. 

  • Jefferson Wants: 
  • Each state to pay for the own debt they have 
  • His state Virginia, to not pay for other state’s debt since they were now debt free 
  • Hamilton to have less power 
  • Jefferson fears: 
  • His state will be taken down under because of the other state’s debt 
  • That the way of thinking under the ‘Declaration of Independence’ will be put aside because of Hamilton’s new views/ideas 

George Washington (President):

  • George Washington wants: 
  • Dispute to be settled calmly 
  • Hamilton to keep his job, and most likely win the conflict or ‘to find a compromise’ 
  • Wants Hamilton to “figure it out” and step up himself without hurting himself politically (Hamilton).
  • Washington Fears: 
  • The decision made will be the wrong decision for his country 
  • (possibly) that Jefferson will win

James Madison:

  • James Madison wants: 
  • Jefferson to win against Hamilton
  • Wants Hamilton to have less power 
  • Wants to be conservative, keep America the same as how it was when it’d just declared independence 
  • Fears: 
  • Jefferson will lose 

Connections to Historical Elements:
“Cabinet Battle 1” relates to the American revolution as a whole because it clearly represents the conflicts and controversy that arose after the colonies declared independence from Britain; between the decisions of how to get rid of America’s debt, and why or why not they should establish a national bank. This song represents the uncertainty of what to do next once the revolution had ended. Should we keep establishing a secure independent country and keep evolving it, or stand by the exact proposals stated in the ‘declaration of Independence?’ 

“His plan would have the government assume state’s debts 
Now, place your bets as to who that benefits 
The very seat of government where Hamilton sits”  

Here, Jefferson is implying that Hamilton’s proposals will mainly benefit himself. He’s saying that there is no other logical reasoning why Hamilton would like to assume state’s debt if it wasn’t for the positive affects it would have on Hamilton himself. By making the government responsible for the country’s financial matters/future, and by establishing a bank, it would “vest more power in the Department of Treasury;” the department Hamilton was head of. Jefferson’s attempt to demean Hamilton’s motives stood out strongly here. 


“Look, when Britain taxed our tea, we got frisky 
(Imagine what gon’ happen when you try to tax our whisky”)

Thomas Jefferson here, is mentioning past controversial events, in order to try and justify his statement/argument. This is a reference to the ‘Boston Tea Party’ that was a big contribution to the spark of the American Revolution. In short, the British began taxing the Americans for the tea that the Americans were provided. It was called the tea tax. A group of Americans known as the Sons of Liberty dumped all of the imported tea into the Boston harbor, on the day that the tax money was due to be paid. This was one of the few huge events that introduced a whole new ideology of independence as the 13 colonies, now known as America. 

Big Idea:
Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events: 

Hamilton’s newfound ideology that establishing a bank and assuming state’s debt to better stabilize America’s economic and political platforms introduced a new idea and way of life to the American people. Hamilton influenced America greatly by establishing a national bank that very much helped America grow as a country. Also, by Hamilton proposing that each state gets taxed in order to pay off the 54 million dollars in debt America acquired, I can infer that he also brought forward the idealogy of working as one. Though, states like Virginia and Maryland had no debt needed to be payed off by them specifically, other states and America as a whole still had a ginormous debt. Proposing the states all equally contribute to the debt needed to be payed off, proposes that even though America had declared independence from Britain, the 13 colonies still needed to work together and build up their country as a team.


Guided Question:

(Look, when Britain taxed our tea, we got frisky)
Imagine what gon‘ happen when you try to tax our whisky
(Thomas Jefferson)

This line is a reference to the Whiskey Rebellion which occurred later in 1791. Hamilton’s advocacy for a whiskey tax came in part from wanting to reduce alcohol consumption in the U.S. In Summary, there was a huge uprising of farmers and distillers in Pennsylvania. They were protesting the whiskey tax enacted by the federal government, as they did not see it to be fair for them to pay taxes for it. In part of Hamilton’s plan to pay off America’s debt, he wanted to impose the Whiskey tax to raise more money for the national debt and to also “assert the power of the national government” onto the American citizens. In these lines Jefferson was singing, we can see that he is almost foreshadowing the events that will take place later.

We almost died in a trench 
While you were off getting high with the French 
(Alexander Hamilton) 

In these two sentences said by Hamilton above, he is criticizing Thomas Jefferson and referencing a period of time where Jefferson was not present and involved in parts of process of the American Revolution. In July 1784, Thomas Jefferson arrived in Paris, France, and surprisingly stayed there until September 1789; coming back a whole five years later. Because of this, Jefferson missed much of the combat among other events of the revolution. Hamilton called Jefferson out on this, and possibly implied that Jefferson’s opinion should not be of much importance concerning state debt and establishing the national bank, since he was not actually present in the 13 colonies while revolutionary acts and events occurred. 

Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, We fought for these ideals we shouldn’t settle for less 
These are wise words, enterprising men quote ‘em 
Don’t act surprised, you guys, cause I wrote ‘em(ow) 
(Thomas Jefferson) 

In these lines, Thomas Jefferson is referencing the ‘Declaration of Independence’ which Jefferson contributed to writing along with four other men. “Life liberty and the pursuit of happiness”  were the three main points recognized in this declaration and still hold major value in America today (Hamilton). In the Declaration of Independence, it also states “unalienable rights” are to be given to “all humans by their creator.” The declaration justified American citizen’s rights to revolt/rebel against a leader thought to be corrupt and that did not guarantee them their natural rights. In summary, the Declaration of Independence stated ideologies and values that the colonists believed were essential for America’s success in the long run. By Jefferson mentioning his contributions in writing this declaration, he is also implying his significance and importance in shaping America; therefore, his ideology opposed to Hamilton’s, should be much more valued and respected by the President.




Science TED Talk Final Project

Your Teeth are Made of THESE Three Layers Dental Anatomy 101. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.asleepfordentistry.com/blog/three-layers-of-a-tooth.html 

Stop acid erosion. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.deltadentalins.com/oral_health/acid_wear.html 

Acidic Fruits and Teeth Effects | Colgate® Oral Care. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/basics/nutrition-and-oral-health/acidic-fruits-and-teeth-effects-0216 

The Alkaline Diet: An Evidence-Based Review. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/the-alkaline-diet-myth#what-it-is 

Dietitian-consultant | Post. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.rdnutritionconsultants.com/post/clinical-dietitian-the-alkaline-diet#! 

Acids, bases, pH, and buffers. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/water-acids-and-bases/acids-bases-and-ph/a/acids-bases-ph-and-bufffers 

My Ecological Footprint

The calculation of my ecological footprint was 8.8 Hectares at the very beginning of April. In general, my Ecologcial Footprint was slightly above the average number in my class. I can infer that this is mostly because of how large GForce Gym is, where I train and tumble. If it weren’t for the thousands of square feet GForce Gym was, my Ecological Footprint would have been much lower. My table groups average Ecological Footprint was approximately 7.5. Peers in my quad, such as Amanda, was vegetarian at the time of our calculations; this brings her E.F. down much lower, therefore bringing our group’s average down significantly. Ten actions that increased the size of my footprint include: 

  • The amount of Plastic that my food is contained in. 
  • The leftover food that goes to waste, if in the fridge for too long. 
  • My fairly long and hot showers. 
  • The amount of meat consumed in my family during dinner each evening. 
  • Me not re-wearing my clothes the next day. 
  • The amount my parents drive me to my school and extra-curriculars. 
  • My unawareness of my water use while in my bathroom. 
  • The amount of garbage I produce each day. 
  • The land I used (and trained on) that occupied and impacted the environment and took up a lot of space. 
  • Bought and consumed food that was not B.C. grown. 

Five actions from these ten above that I will try to change to reduce the size of my E.F. include: 

  • Limiting my amount of plastic used per day. 

When packing my lunch for school the day before, I will always use my rubber lunch kit that is easily reusable and great for the environment. Also, I will refrain from using plastic bags and saran wrap when packing snacks such as crackers; these can go directly into my rubber lunch kit, and if not, I can put them into a reusable Tupperware container. 

  • Re-wearing more of my clothing 

After each school day, or even weekend, I will reflect on where my clothes have been, and how dirty they’ve gotten. If I have only worn a pair of jeans on one school day, I will re-wear them the next day or the day after. Of course, if I have spilt something on my clothing, I will put it in the wash; if my clothes are clean enough for the next day, I will wear them. 

  • Taking shorter and more efficient showers. 

Decreasing water use is very beneficial for the environment and allows me to make much less of an impact and decrease my ecological footprint. At most I will aim to make my showers eight minutes. Also, I will refrain from turning on the faucet as soon as I enter the bathroom, so I don’t let the water run for longer than it needs to. 

  • Eating less meat. 

Throughout each week, I will try to limit the amount of meat I consumed. I will start eating more foods such as tofu and beans that are able to give me the protein and iron that chicken or beef gives me. Reducing the amount of meat eaten is a great way to reduce your E.F. 

  • Limiting the amount of garbage that I produce 

I will limit the amount of garbage that I produce by only buying items from the mall that contain/are made of little to no plastic. I will also attempt to stop buying a lot of food and snacks from the vending machine or cafeteria. Lastly, if I see any garbage on the ground, I will pick it up and put it in the garbage or recycling. 

I chose these five actions to do in order to decrease my E.F. because I believe that doing small actions such as these, consistently and in your everyday life can make a huge positive impact on the environment over time; this is especially if others contribute small actions that decrease their E.F.’s also. Doing actions such as limiting the amount of plastic I use, will be a great benefactor to the environment’s sustainability. 


A few changes that were relatively simple to change include taking shorter and more efficient showers. I simply urged myself to stay very aware of how long I have kept the faucet running for, and the temperature of the water also. Overall, I’d say that my average time it took me to shower lowered to about six to seven minutes long. Also, limiting the amount of plastic I used was fairly easy. This is because my rubber lunch kit is such a big help. There was absolutely no need for me to bring any food with plastic to school because my lunchbox made bringing the food so easy and accessible. 

A few changes that were difficult to follow include eating less meat. This was very challenging to follow because the majority of the time, my mom makes dinner. I usually don’t decide what I am going to eat for dinner. Because of this, it is hard to find meat alternatives when meat is already cooked/made for your dinner. Also, it was difficult to find alternate ways of transportation, other than cars. Since I live quite far from school, none of the bus routes work to go on every morning. Because of this my mom has to drive me. Though, since my two other siblings have to be driven to school, we get to carpool which slightly decreases all of your ecological footprints. 

Some obstacles I encountered included the large amount of space I go in day to day. Gforce gym increases my ecological footprint drastically and so does Gleneagle Secondary School. Another obstacle I have encountered was re-wearing my clothes the next day. Since the days are getting hotter and longer because of the season change into Spring then summer, I am becoming sweatier and hotter. There are multiple factors that dirty my clothes including this, and my training at GForce gym. 

In the future, I plan to reduce the amount of food my family and I have leftover on our plates from breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Wasting food is a big factor in increasing one’s ecological footprint and I’ll try my best to eat all the food on my plate. Also, I will urge my family to buy more B.C. grown foods. Overall, I will continue working and implementing the daily actions in my life I order to reduce my Ecological footprint and help the environment. 

Thank you. 

In Depth #5

Over the past few weeks, I have continued to practice my sign language skills. Once I had learned as much as I’d planned to, I realized how crucial it is to keep on practicing the vocabulary and phrases you have learned. At this moment, I know 100+ vocabulary that I need to keep practicing. Since it is a rather complex language, if you go a month or so without practice, you’ll lose a big portion of the signs that you learned beforehand. Throughout my day, I have been continuing to practice signs and incorporate them into real life situations. Also, over the last few weeks I have been brainstorming my learning centre and I organized my notes into more readable words and phrases.

asl notesssss
a page of my notes once organizing it
asl notesss 2
a page of my notes before organizing it


During my final mentor meeting with Ms. Perry, we reviewed quite a bit of sign language, we researched questions we were unsure about, and both of us explored simple song options that I could learn to sign. In Edward De Bono’s ‘How to have a beautiful mind’ it states that “once you can pick out concepts, you can compared contrast them;” Ms. Perry and I did this quite a bit during this mentor meeting (121). Specifically, we discussed the two different concepts of American Sign Language and Old English Signing. While looking at songs, I could sign, on our laptops, Ms. Perry and I discussed how “this song is ASL” whereas ‘Old McDonald’ “[was] more old english signing. Clear differentiation between the type of songs led me to be able to further understand what the person in the video was portraying and how my topic (ASL) is “not the only type of sign language.”

Also, the Concept of Logical thinking and decision making, in general, was being demonstrated and discussed during our meeting. When signing ASL, you do not sign every single word, and you have to decide what the most important word is, of your sentence, and then you sign that word first.”In amongst all the words [you’re signing], [knowing] the main concept you are trying to pull out” is very important in order to properly sign ASL.

A way to generate alternatives is to “see the situation from another perspective” (126). When Ms. Perry and I were discussing how I am going to present my In-Depth Project, I attempted to stay flexible and try to picture myself as the people standing at my learning centre; “what would interest [my] peers,” teachers, alumni, and upcoming TALONS learners? Once pondering this question, we came to the consensus of how I would present. Many alternatives were generated in the process. These include, instead of signing a conversation or song on stage, I could sign at my learning centre, so more people have the opportunity to ask me questions about ASL and how I learned the basics of it.

Another alternative that came up during our meeting was which songs to do. Last meeting, we had narrowed it down to O Canada, Old McDonald, and Happy Birthday. This meeting, as we were discussing and researching the songs, we looked up Old McDonald. Unfortunately, the majority of the videos of people signing the song were in Old English Signing, not ASL like I am learning. Even when we found very few videos in ASL, it was relatively simple to tell that they were not from reliable sources. Both Ms. Perry and I discussed alternatives, instead of doing Old McDonald.

I have decided that the way that I am going showcase my learning is to have a poster board at my learning station. I believe this is best because it provides important visuals for my audience to observe/learn about. On my poster board, there will be pictures of me signing simple vocabulary. There’ll also be the alphabet, numbers, and possibly the brief history on how ASL was invented. Lastly, I’ll touch on the purpose of learning sign language and I will have my laptop playing some sort of ASL video. When people come to my learning centre, I will demonstrate simple signs and phrases. Also, I can show them how to spell their name or how to ask common questions in ASL.

Overall, I feel that my In-Depth project has taught me a lot and I am just about ready to showcase my learning with my peers!

17th Century letter

Dearest Celine,

I have missed you a great deal. It sure is lonely without having you as my best friend here. Henry, Thomas and I have been wondering how Lowland Britain is for you. Have you made any new friends? We sure hope they appreciate you for the caring girl you are, Celine. If they don’t, then I think it’s best that you move back here, to Highland Britain. I know… your family, especially your father thought it is most suited for you all to move to Lowland Britain, as it is more politically powerful, and there is much more fertile land for the men to farm. But, we all miss you and urge you to persuade your family to come move back home. Even old Jack misses your company.

Living, right now, is quite difficult here. Last year, after Mother passed giving birth to Lilia, my father has been tirelessly working to support the two of us. He earns only 10 cents each day, which is little to nothing compared to what the higher estates earn. I work my hardest, and as much as possible. Seeing as I have to take care of Lilia while my father is out working, it is difficult to find pay to support a whole family from just the two of us males working. I feel guilty saying this, but I have earned more money and food from stealing, than I have actually working for it. Now, Celine, I know that you have never approved of theft, but you do not understand. Not to undermine you and your family’s difficulties, but since you’re in the middle class, your mother and father can provide enough for you, even if it isn’t as much as you’d like. Lilia, my father, and I, live off scraps, bread, beer, and the rare piece of meat if we are extremely lucky. Sometimes, I have to resort to my last choice of helping my family, even if it means stealing; I would do anything for my father and Lilia, they’re all I have. As soon as Lilia grows taller, perhaps she can work too. Can girls earn money from working as well as, and as much as, boys? I’ll have to ask my father.

Our neighbour, old Jack misses you dearly. He is still holding on, though he has a cough so bad that WE can hear throughout the night, rumbling and shaking the dirty floors beneath the blanket we share as our bed. I’m not quite sure what sickness he has, but my father urges us to not spend too much time with him, as it may be contagious. On the rare occasion that we visit Jack to bring him company and food, he goes on and on about what it was like for his ancestors to live years ago. He tells my friends and I about how much luckier we were than his family. Before the feudal system had been abolished, people of the lowest class were tied to lords and got no pay for working tirelessly and endlessly. They couldn’t move to Lowland Britain like your family, in search of a better life. It’s hard to understand and agree with what old Jack tells us, because of the difficulties my family is still put through, but we try because we know it warms his heart to teach us things and to tell us stories.

We are getting by, day by day, but it’s hard without your bright smile and scope for imagination to keep me company and content. My family and I wish you the best,

Your dearest friend,



Animal Farm

Is it more important to have a strong ideology , or a strong leader for revolution to occur? What tactics do leaders use to convince others of their ideologies?

In my opinion, it is most important to have a strong ideology for a revolution to occur. Having a strong leader is most important in order to sustain the outcomes and success of a revolution, but not to actually be a big factor that starts it. In George Orwell’s Animal Farm, the pigs were the predominant leader and the ones who were keeping the farm running properly and orderly. Though, Major shared his strong ideology with his fellow animal friends on the farm, stating that [the animal’s] lives are miserable, laborious, and short” and what is preventing them from there freedom is “Man[;] the only real enemy” (2). Major goes on to explain other strong, persuasive points and comes to the conclusion that overthrowing their leader, Jones, is the best option in order to be a happy and successful farm animal. After Major shares his strong ideology with the animals, they agree with him and this is what begins the beliefs of ‘animalism,’ Once Major passes away, his ideology is becoming even stronger, I might infer, after his passing because in a way, the animals may feel as thought hey need to honour Major, and his legacy. Soon after, this leads to the revolution, and revolt of their ‘leader’ Mr. Jones. Though certain animals may take the lead during their uprising, they all succeeded in their plan because of the common ideology of ‘animalism’ that all of the farm animals agree with. Having a strong ideology as a society, leading a revolution, is critical because it lowers the chance of conflicts. In historical revolutions, such as the French Revolution, there was something called the Divine Right of Kings;’ this meant that the kings were appointed by god himself, so their ideologies were always correct. In these instances, leaders do NOT have to convince others of their ideologies. Though, animal farm for instance, Major convinced others of his ideology by being a very strong willed and confident speaker. He did not seem to say things he was unsure about, and you could tell the certainty in his voice; this could persuade the other animals to believe everything that he is saying. Overall, it is most important to have a strong ideology for a revolution to occur.


To what extent do power or privilege, or lack of thereof, affect the beliefs and actions of  individuals in a revolution?’


Power and Privilege greatly affects the beliefs and actions of individuals in a revolution. Leaders such as Napoleon, use his power against the others when he killed a great deal of farm animals for disobeying the 7 commandments and for favouring Snowball over himself. “No animal shall kill any other animal” had been one of the original commandments made at the start of their revolution (8). Now, Napoleon’s power over other animals on the farm, such as Muriel the goat, made the other animals believe lies. Muriel now read that “no animal shall kill any other animal without cause” (27). The commandment had been slightly altered for Napoleons benefit, as he had killed many animals earlier before. The other farm animals were tricked into thinking that this had been the commandment all along. Napoleon’s privilege as a pig, who can read, greatly benefits him in this situation. Because of the amount of power that he holds for being the current leader of animal farm, Napoleon is able to subtly manipulate the individuals on the farm by making them believe that he himself is without flaws. With the amount of power and fear that Napoleon possesses of the other animals on the farm, it urges the farm animals believe the lies that Napoleon and the pigs, like Squealer, tell them. For example, every weekend squealer reads how much progress, in stats, that they’d made by working. Though Squealer may be lying, the animals saw no reason to disbelieve him because they know they can trust anyone with the amount of power Squealer and Napoleon possess. Overall, holding power and privilege as a leader, greatly shapes the individuals in a community, by altering their actions and beliefs.